Photo: Aurora Borealis over Jökulsárlón Iceberg Lagoon
Iceland is in the North Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 332,500 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
The capital and largest city, is Reykjavík. Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active.
The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands.